acne treatment What is acne


acne treatment

What is acne



acne treatment What is acne               Acne is common and generally treatable. You may need treatment for several months to remove the spots. Inflamed acne needs early treatment to avoid scarring. Once the spots are gone, you may need maintenance treatment for several years to keep them away. What is acne and who gets it? Acne, known medically as acne vulgaris, is a skin condition that includes the sebaceous glands at the base of the hair follicles. This usually happens during puberty when the sebaceous (fatty) glands are activated - the glands are stimulated by the male hormones produced by the adrenal glands for men and women. Acne is not dangerous, but it can leave skin scars. Human skin contains pores (small holes) that connect to the fatty glands located under the skin. The acorns are connected to the follicles via follicles - small channels. These acorns produce sebum. The sebum transports dead skin cells through the follicles to the surface of the skin. Small hair grows through the follicle of the skin. Pimples develop when these follicles become blocked, which causes oil to accumulate under the skin.                   acné traitement                    cicatrice acné                     acné sévère                    acné hormonal                     acné kystique                     curacné avant après                 acné vulgaire                     acné adulte                     anti acné                     acné hormonale                     rosacée traitement                     rosacée visage                     crème anti acné                   doxycycline acné                    traitement furoncle                     peau acnéique                     acné visage                     rosacée traitement naturel                   vergetures traitement                    traitement des vergetures                    peeling visage maison                     avene triacneal                     bouton acné                    creme cicatrice acné visage                     furoncle traitement naturel                     creme cicatrice acné pharmacie              anti acne                   avene acné                  masque anti acné                    enjoyphoenix acne                    allergie cutanée traitement naturel        laser cicatrice                     laser vergetures                     antibiotique acné                     traitement vergetures                     roaccutane avant apres                    la couperose                      acné traitement maison                     acné traitement naturel                     peeling acné USD              uriage eau thermale hyseac                    peeling visage acné                     creme pour bouton visage                    traitement rosacée                    creme pour peau grasse et acnéique                    creme pour acné USD                   traitement acné antibiotique                     pommade acné                    couperose visage                    cheloide traitement                    zinc acné                    masque acné                    médicament acné                    creme cicatrice acné                     creme pour bouton visage en pharmacie                   pommade pour acné                     aloe vera acné
acne


Acne is common and generally treatable. You may need treatment for several months to remove the spots. Inflamed acne needs early treatment to avoid scarring. Once the spots are gone, you may need maintenance treatment for several years to keep them away.

 What is acne and who gets it?

Acne, known medically as acne vulgaris, is a skin condition that includes the sebaceous glands at the base of the hair follicles. This usually happens during puberty when the sebaceous (fatty) glands are activated - the glands are stimulated by the male hormones produced by the adrenal glands for men and women.

Acne is not dangerous, but it can leave skin scars. Human skin contains pores (small holes) that connect to the fatty glands located under the skin. The acorns are connected to the follicles via follicles - small channels. These acorns produce sebum. The sebum transports dead skin cells through the follicles to the surface of the skin. A small hair grows through the follicle of the skin. Pimples develop when these follicles become blocked, which causes oil to accumulate under the skin.

What causes acne?


Understanding normal skin

The small sebaceous glands are located below the surface of the skin. These acorns produce oil (sebum) which keeps the skin soft and smooth. Small holes (pores) on the skin allow sebum to penetrate the surface of the skin. Hair also grows through these pores. During your adolescence, you make more sebum than you were when you were a child. This is due to hormonal changes in puberty which stimulate the sebaceous glands. In general, the more sebum you produce, the more oily your skin will be and the worse your acne will be. Some people make more sebum than others.

 Mild to moderate acne - blackheads, blackheads and small pimples

Some pores are blocked. This is because the skin at the top of the pores becomes thicker, as well as the dead skin cells that are thrown into the pores. You can see plugs that block the top of the pores like small spots called black and white dots (blackheads). Note: blackheads are caused by skin pigments and not by dirt, as some people think. In many cases, acne does not progress beyond this mild stage.

Sebum can build up under clogged pores. You can see this as little spots called pimples or papules. In some cases, acne does not progress beyond this mild to the moderate stage when you see a number of small pimples, blackheads, and whiteheads.

Moderate to severe acne - larger spots and inflammation
Trapped sebum is ideal for bacteria (bacteria) called acne propionibacterium to live and reproduce. A small number of these bacteria generally live on the skin and do no harm. However, if a large number develops in the trapped sebum, the immune system can interact and cause inflammation. If the inflammation develops, the surrounding skin becomes red and the spots become larger and full of pus. In some cases, the blisters grow and form into small nodules and abscesses.

Each flaming stain will eventually recover. In some cases, the inflamed skin area remains deformed for several months after the inflammation has ended (hyperpigmentation after inflammation). This is often more pronounced in people with darker skin. In addition, a small, acute scar is left on the skin where there is an inflamed spot. Often these small scars do not fade completely and are a sign in the elderly who have already had acne spots.

Rare causes of acne

The above description is the cause of almost all acne cases. Rarely, certain diseases in girls and women can cause acne or worsen acne. For example, polycystic ovary syndrome and conditions that cause excessive secretion of male hormones in the ovary or adrenal gland. These conditions cause other symptoms in addition to acne, such as thinning of the scalp hair, excessive growth of facial or body hair (hirsutism) and other problems. Another rare cause of acne is exposure to chemicals that occur in certain workplaces (halogenated hydrocarbons).

What makes acne worse?


·       Oral progesterone-only contraceptives can make acne worse.
·       In women, hormonal changes around the menstrual period can inflame the spots.
·       Thick or oily makeup can make acne worse. However, most makeup does not affect acne. You can use makeup to cover some light spots. Non-comedogenic or oil-free * products are extremely beneficial for acne-prone skin.
·       Compression and application of spots can lead to more inflammation and scarring.
Severe sweating or wet conditions can worsen acne. For example, do some work
Regularly hot in the kitchen. Excessive sweating can help clog pores.
·       Spots can develop under tight clothing. For example, under the headbands, straps without straps
Narrow chest, narrow necks, etc. This may be due to increased perspiration and friction under tight clothing.
·       Certain medications can make acne worse. For example, phenytoin (which some eat
People who treat epilepsy) and steroid creams and ointments used in eczema. Do not stop the prescribed medication
·       if you think it is increasing acne, but tell your doctor. An alternative could be an option.
Anabolic steroids (which some bodybuilders take illegally) can make acne worse.
·       Diets high in sugar and dairy products were believed to worsen acne, but research has found no supporting evidence.

Some Myths and Misconceptions About Acne


·       Acne is not due to poor hygiene. In fact, over-washing can make the situation worse.
·       Stress does not cause acne.
·       Acne is not just a simple skin infection. The reason for this is a complex reaction to alter hormones, sebum, excessive growth of normally harmless bacteria (inflammation), etc. (described above). You cannot * get acne - it is not spread by touch (infection).
·       Acne cannot be treated by drinking too much water.
·       There is no evidence saying that sunbathing or loungers will help eliminate acne.
·       Some people think that acne cannot be treated with medical treatment. it is not true. Treatments generally work well if used correctly.

Skincare for people with acne


·       Do not wash more than usual. Twice a day is normal for most people. Use mild soap and lukewarm water. (Hot or cold water can make acne worse.) Do not scratch hard when washing acne-affected skin. Do not use abrasive soaps, cleansing granules, drugs or exfoliation agents. Instead, use a soft towel and fingers. Over-washing and over-washing can cause more infections and worsen acne.
·       Disinfectants can be helpful.
·       You cannot clean blackheads. The black edge of the blackhead is actually a pigment (melanin) and cannot be removed by cleaning or cleaning.
·       Some topical acne treatments (shown below) can dry out the skin. In this case, use a fragrance-free moisturizer. Do not use ointments or creams rich in oil, as they can clog holes in the skin (pores).
What are the goals and treatment options for acne?

Help with the decision
·       Doctors and patients can use decision aids together to help choose the best course of action.
·       Compare options

Compare options

The goal of treatment is to remove stains as much as possible and avoid scarring. There are different types of treatments that work in different ways. The doctor or pharmacist will advise you and the treatment they will recommend will often depend on the severity and type of acne. The treatments can be the ones you apply to the skin (topical) and/or the tablets.

You may prefer not to treat mild, non-inflammatory acne, that is, if you only have blackheads and/or whiteheads (blackheads) and light pimples. Mild acne is common and usually passes over time without leaving scars. However, inflammatory acne can heal. If you suffer from inflammation, such as redness, red spots, pimples, etc., it is best to treat early to avoid scarring. Treatment usually removes most areas if you use them properly. However, there is no completely clear treatment for your skin.

Topical preparations for acne


Various gels, lotions, and creams are used to treat acne. Different pre

·       Most people can tolerate the preparation at 5%, but if it is irritating, try 2.5% once the irritation has stabilized. If you want to increase your strength, do it gradually.
·       Use a water-based preparation (instead of an alcohol-based product).
·       Apply once a day at the start and wash off after several hours.
·       A gradual increase in the time remaining on the skin.
·       Try to wear it twice a day when you get used to it.

retinoids

Retinoids are good for separating clogged pores. They include adapalene, tretinoin, and isotretinoin which come in different brands. They also have some effect on reducing inflammation. Therefore, early acne is often used to help loosen pores and treat blackheads, pimples, and slightly inflamed spots. You need a prescription for all retinoid preparations. When using topical retinoids:

·       You may develop redness and flaking of the skin. This tends to stabilize over time.
·       The spots sometimes worsen a little before improving.
·       Your skin may be more sensitive to the sun. Therefore, it is best to apply in the evening and wash in the morning. Sunscreen can also help if you're not in the sun.
·       The most common side effects are burns, irritation, and dehydration. Therefore, it may initially be advisable to use low resistance, less frequent application for a shorter period.
·       You must not be pregnant or intend to become pregnant, as there is a slight risk for unborn babies. Talk to your doctor about contraceptives if necessary.

Topical antibiotics


There are many preparations for topical antibiotics. It reduces the number of bacteria and reduces inflammation. However, they have little effect on the separation of clogged pores. Therefore, they are generally good for treating inflamed acne, but blackheads and pimples may remain. You need a prescription to get a topical antibiotic. May cause slight irritation but generally causes fewer side effects than other topical preparations. Topical antibiotics are usually prescribed in combination with other drugs (see below). Using it alone can increase the risk of germs getting used to antibiotics and making treatment less effective.

Azelaic acid


Azelaic acid is an alternative that works mainly by separating clogged pores. Therefore, like retinoids, it's a good idea to remove blackheads and whiteheads. It also has some effect on reducing inflammatory acne, but may not be as much as the effect of antibiotics or benzoyl peroxide. However, it can cause less skin irritation than benzoyl peroxide.

combinations

Some lotions contain a mixture of ingredients. For example, benzoyl peroxide in addition to an antibiotic, or the retinoid in addition to an antibiotic. It can work better than any single component.

Tablets that can treat acne

Antibiotic tablets

Antibiotics work by killing the bacteria (bacteria) that contribute to the cause of acne. They also have a direct effect on reducing inflammation. Antibiotics generally work well for removing inflammatory acne spots and any surrounding skin inflammation.

However, this has little effect on the separation of clogged pores - which you can see as blackheads and whiteheads (blackheads). Therefore, if you only have mild acne with blackheads and whiteheads, it is best to use a topical treatment that opens holes in the skin (pores). If you have a lot of black and whiteheads in addition to inflamed acne spots, it may be advisable to use a topical treatment such as benzoyl peroxide in addition to taking antibiotics.

Always read the publication in the antibiotic package. Things like precautions and possible side effects differ between antibiotics. Here are some general points.

Tetracycline antibiotics are the most common antibiotics used to treat acne. These include oxytetracycline, tetracycline, doxycycline, and lymecycline.

Children under the age of 12 should not take tetracycline antibiotics.
Do not take tetracycline antibiotics if you are pregnant, breastfeeding or planning to become pregnant. Talk to your doctor about contraceptives if necessary.
Food and milk affect a
Isotretinoin tablets
Isotretinoin dramatically reduces the amount of oil (sebum) produced by the sebaceous glands. It works very well and generally wipes stains even in severe cases. However, it is usually used on the advice of a specialist after first trying other treatments. Indeed, there is a risk of serious side effects with isotretinoin.

How long does the treatment last?

Whichever treatment is used, it is normal to take up to four weeks until you see an improvement. There is often a good response to treatment for six weeks. However, it can take up to four months (sometimes longer) to obtain the maximum response to treatment and for the skin to be generally spotless. Note: The most common cause of treatment failure is that some people think the treatment will not work after a few weeks or so and give up.

Therefore, continue treatment for at least six weeks before deciding whether to work. If there is no improvement after six weeks of the regular and correct medication, do not despair. It is generally advisable to add other antigens or to modify a different or more powerful treatment that may work. Although the treatment can usually eliminate most areas, there is no treatment that would make your skin perfect and the odd spot may remain.

Will acne come back after treatment?

Once the spots are removed, acne reappears if you stop treatment. Therefore, after the disappearance or significant reduction of the spots, it is common to continue the maintenance treatment to prevent acne from recurring. It is common for you to need maintenance treatment for 4 to 5 years to maintain acne. It is usually until the late teens or early twenties. In a few cases, acne persists in your thirties or even later. For these people, it is possible to continue treating the skin to keep it under control.

Maintenance is usually treated with benzoyl peroxide or a topical retinoid. These can be used indefinitely. The dose used to prevent blemishes from coming back often is less than that used to treat acne. For example, one application to the skin every day with a low-intensity setting may be enough to keep the spots from coming back.

It is not usual to use topical antibiotics or antibiotic tablets as maintenance treatment after the spots have been removed. Long-term use of antibiotics can lead to bacterial resistance to antibiotics. In addition, azelaic acid, another topical treatment, is only allowed for treatment periods of six months. In addition, it is best not to take long-term birth control pills just to prevent acne. Therefore, if you have been initially treated with antibiotics, azelaic acid or oral contraceptives, it may be advisable to switch to benzoyl peroxide or a topical retinoid for maintenance therapy.

Does Acne Need Hospital Treatment?

If you have severe acne that does not respond to the treatments usually prescribed by doctors, you may need to consult a hospital specialist. In particular, if your doctor thinks you will get help from isotretinoin tablets. You may also need hospital treatment for acne scars. The options available for wound healing include laser skin resurfacing, mechanical or chemical peeling of the skin, rupture of scar tissue with a sterile needle subcision and collagen filling injection.




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