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Friday, November 8, 2019
Treatment of melasma Acne Treatment
Treatment of melasma
Melasma is a common pigmentation
disorder that causes brown or gray spots on the skin, especially in the face
area. The most common areas of melasma on the face include the nose bridge,
forehead, forehead, cheeks, and upper lip.
Melasma may also appear in other areas of the
body, especially those exposed to a lot of sunlight such as: forearms, neck and
shoulders. Women are more likely to have melasma than men.
Studies show that only 10% of
all cases of melasma occur in men.
Women with darker skin and
pregnant women are more likely to have melasma. The exact cause of melasma is
not known, but it is most likely
caused by a malfunction of melanocytes that
give the skin its natural color,
Treatment of melasma
causing excessive pigmentation.
The triggers for melasma include:
hormonal changes during pregnancy, hormone therapy or taking pills, sun
exposure, and the use of certain skin care products that cause skin irritation.
Melasma may be hereditary because people with
relatives who have melasma are more likely to develop melasma.
Melasma can be prevented by
avoiding direct sun exposure by wearing hats and using a sunscreen that has a
SPF of at least 50 and contains physical blockers, such as zinc oxide and
To prevent ultraviolet
radiation, and not to rely on sunscreens that contain chemical blockers only
because they do not adequately block UV rays of type A and B.
Sunscreen should be used on a
daily basis when outdoors to enhance the effectiveness of melasma treatments
and reduce the development of more Of spots.
Treatment of melasmaDrug treatments
Melasma caused by pregnancy, the
use of birth control pills, can disappear automatically after birth or stop
using the pill.
However, in some people, melasma may persist
for several years or throughout life. In cases where melasma does not disappear
on its own, melasma can be treated in many ways.It should be noted that the
treatment of melasma under the care of a dermatologist may take a few months to
see improvement, as melasma may be stubborn and does not disappear easily . It
should also be noted that treatment may continue for a while after eliminating
melasma to prevent melasma from returning.
To ensure that treatment does
not fail, people should minimize sun exposure, and pregnant women or nursing
mothers should not treat melasma without consulting a doctor because of the
potential risks of medications to fetal and newborn growth. Methods of treating
Hydroquinone is the first
treatment to get rid of melasma. It comes in several forms of pharmaceutical,
including: cream, lotion, and gel. The drug is applied topically to the skin to
lighten the skin. It is available in concentrations as low as 2% and higher
concentrations up to 4%. A higher concentration is associated with a greater
risk of skin irritation than a lower concentration.
Hydroquinone should be applied to melasma
spots twice daily with a sunscreen on top of hydroquinone in the morning.
Potential side effects of
melasma treatments include: temporary skin irritation, and people who use
hydroquinone at very high concentrations and for long periods ranging from
several months to years are at risk of a side effect called exogenous
ochronosis, a permanent change in skin color During the use of hydroquinone, it
is more common if high concentrations of hydroquinone exceeding 4% are used.
Tretinoin and corticosteroids:
These medications help increase
the effectiveness of skin whitening treatments. Examples include retinoic acid
at 0.025-0.1%, tazarotene at 0.05-0.1% and adapalene at 0.1-0.3%.
Other topical medications
A dermatologist may prescribe
azelaic acid at 15-20%, Kojic acid, 12% lactic acid lotion, 10-20% Glycolic
acid creams, and high concentration glycolic acid peeler. To help alleviate
If the above medications do not
cure melasma, your doctor may use other methods of treatment.
It should be said that there is
no guarantee that these procedures will be effective in getting rid of melasma,
or reducing the stains resulting from it, and it should be said that severe
treatments or abrasive treatments can cause the appearance or increase the
costs of melasma.
Other treatments for melasma include several
procedures such as:
chemical peels, skin scraping, or laser treatment.
Chemical peel treatment is
performed under the supervision of a doctor through the use of exfoliation
chemicals such as glycolic acid at concentrations ranging from 30-70%, or
through the use of different combinations such as: a mixture of 10% glycolic
acid and 2% hydroquinone .
Microdermabrasion, peeling and
regeneration of the skin using soft crystals such as soft diamond flakes or
aluminum oxide crystals, as well as a vacuum pipette. Treatment is carried out
in the form of several sessions lasting from a few minutes to one hour. It
should be noted that the victim
should also use sunscreen and other creams for
Laser can be used to treat
melasma, but the results are usually temporary.
Studies have shown that laser does not reduce
skin hyperpigmentation and may increase the symptoms of some types of melasma,
so consult your doctor before using the laser as a treatment for melasma. Laser
treatment for melasma may require several sessions before seeing the expected